FRONT PAGES: UTSW Study Shows Hispanic Patients Receive Lower-Quality Thrombectomies

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. Newswise — Researchers at UT Southwestern found that patients with Hispanic ischemic stroke who received endovascular thrombectomies had lower quality outcomes than patients of similar white and black patients.

The outcomes of endovascular thrombectomies for ischemic stroke victims with Black or white backgrounds were comparable, according to the researchers. Ischemic strokes can narrow or block an artery that leads to the brain.

The findings, published in the Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, add to the body of knowledge on improving stroke treatment in underserved groups. Studies in the past have shown racial disparities when it comes to stroke treatment. This study involving more than 660 patients in the Houston area focused on thrombectomies, the surgical procedure to remove blood clots from arteries and veins.

Ischemic stroke is the fifth leading cause for death in the United States. Of all strokes 87% are ischemic. A 2017 study found that thrombectomy treatment within 24 hours after an acute stroke can result in a 73% lower risk of disability.

“This new study identified populations we should be focusing on in future research to better understand the root causes of these disparities. “With better understanding, targeted interventions can help improve access to the best outcomes of stroke patients,” stated Erica Jones (M.D., M.P.H Assistant Professor in Neurology).

The American Heart Association, American Stroke Association have certified that the UT Southwestern is a Advanced Comprehensive Stroke Center ,. This center is part of the Peter O’Donnell Jr. Brain Institute UT Southwestern has earned High Performing recognition for treatment of strokes from U.S. News & World Report, placing it among the best hospitals for stroke care in the U.S.

Dr. Jones is a member of the Stroke Editor Training Program as well as the American Academy of Neurology, the American Heart Association, and the Society of Vascular and Interventional Neurology.

Her study builds on research Dr. Jones published in 2020, which found that among stroke patients under age 50, there was a higher prevalence of modifiable risk factors among Black and Hispanic patients as well as a decreased likelihood to have good early functional outcomes after ischemic stroke. These modifiable risks included hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease.

The study was funded by a National Institutes of Health T32 training grant.

About UT Southwestern Medical Center

UT Southwestern, one of the nation’s premier academic medical centers, integrates pioneering biomedical research with exceptional clinical care and education. The institution’s faculty has received six Nobel Prizes, and includes 25 members of the National Academy of Sciences, 16 members of the National Academy of Medicine, and 14 Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigators. The full-time faculty of more than 2,800 is responsible for groundbreaking medical advances and is committed to translating science-driven research quickly to new clinical treatments. UT Southwestern physicians provide care in about 80 specialties to more than 117,000 hospitalized patients, more than 360,000 emergency room cases, and oversee nearly 3 million outpatient visits a year.

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